Top Software Development Trends to Watch Out in 2021

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Software development is constantly changing and will continue to do so in the coming months. Many of the changes we’re likely to witness are driven by technological and societal needs. For example, the necessity for a safe method of contract execution is propelling blockchain forward, while new applications for artificial intelligence (AI) are causing the industry to become more worried about “ethical AI.”

Many businesses are embracing digital acceleration, and software development improvements from organisations like BairesDev will assist them in imagining new methods to propel their operations forward for the benefit of customers, society, and their bottom lines. Nobody has a crystal ball to forecast how the landscape will look in 2021, but the projections below are most likely based on current trends.

Significant Trends in software development for 2021

In 2021, software development will continue in the same path as it did in 2020. However, new improvements in familiar markets and technologies are likely to surprise us, especially as they become more mainstream. Firms in artificial intelligence, the Internet of Things, and AR/VR/MR have already announced a slew of exciting releases for the following year. As the year progresses, we can expect to see the emergence of new trends.

This research/study aimed to analyse worldwide changes in the IT business and examine the practical ramifications. First, we considered technologies, tech stacks, and industry leaders to compile an in-depth analysis. Now, let’s take a closer look at each trend and consider its potential uses.

#1 Emphasis on the Cloud

The year 2020 demonstrated the importance of cloud services being able to scale up or down as needed. While some industries thrived during the COVID-19 pandemic, others (like tourism) experienced a significant demand reduction. Companies that use cloud-based platforms avoid having to pay for data centre services that they do not use. As a result, many more businesses are projected to shift their operations to the cloud by 2021.

#2 Renewed Attention in Blockchain

While blockchain technology is well-known for its usage in bitcoin, it also has additional applications that help minimise fraud in sensitive transactions. Some functions, such as utilisation within intelligent contract systems, are expected to grow in 2021. The video below explains what smart contracts are and how they work.

#3 AI Evolution

AI is projected to gain traction again in 2021, as organisations with AI-driven capabilities are more likely to succeed. Natural Language Processing (NLP), which allows computers to write text and software programmes, is a particular study area. And when computers begin to take over more human functions, awareness of ethical AI — that is, ensuring software programmers programme machines to “do the right thing” — is sure to emerge.

#4 Increased Interest in Low-Code/No-Code Development

The increasing demand for software developers has beaten their supply, making low-code/no-code (LCNC) development essential for firms to move quickly with new projects. This programme allows users with minimal development experience to create databases and other applications to support agile operations. This skill is becoming increasingly frequent and will continue to grow in 2021 and beyond.

#5 Python and JavaScript’s Success

Easy-to-learn and use programming languages are getting more popular, which is why Python and JavaScript are expected to stay in demand in 2021. Python is popularly used in data science and various industries, whereas JavaScript remains the most popular language overall, particularly development beginners.

#6 Advances in the Use of Modern Languages

Modern programming languages are likewise ready to fulfil the needs of today’s software engineers. Rust, Go, and Kotlin is gaining popularity due to type inference, null safety, expressiveness, and conciseness. Some experts believe that Rust will make a breakthrough in 2021. Microsoft and Amazon both announced significant investments in Rust recently.

#7 Skyrocketing in Native App Development

Mobile apps are becoming increasingly significant as mobile devices proliferate. To create apps with the most flexibility and performance, software development teams working for corporations that can afford it choose native app development, which entails creating two or more different versions of an app for each major mobile operating system (OS). Some experts believe that Rust will make a breakthrough in 2021. Microsoft and Amazon both announced significant investments in Rust recently.

#8 Increase in the Use of Progressive Web Apps

Progressive web apps (PWAs) combine the features of websites and mobile apps to provide consumers with a streamlined experience without requiring businesses to develop separate mobile apps for each operating system. They are written in JavaScript, CSS, and HTML and can run on any platform that supports a web browser. Because PWAs can save costs while enhancing client engagement, their adoption is expected to rise in 2021.

#9 Advancement of the IoT

The Internet of Things (IoT) is fast developing to incorporate billions of connected devices across various industries, including healthcare, agriculture, shipping, and manufacturing, contributing to a wide range of modern conveniences. Each of these devices requires software to function, necessitating a great demand for software engineers to build it and add the necessary security to prevent each one from being an entry point for hackers within a particular system.

#10 Advancement In Edge Computing 

Edge computing, which facilitates the Internet of Things, occurs closer to where data is generated. Utilities, for example, can employ edge devices to gather information about equipment and process it locally, sending only pertinent data back to the primary office. Software engineers must guarantee that such devices take advantage of the computational speed and processing efficiency they can while also keeping unique security requirements in mind.

#11 The Importance of User Experience (UX)

Software development is about more than just functionality. It’s also a matter of usability. Regardless of the size or complexity of the application, users must comprehend how to utilise it readily. As a result, user experience (UX) has emerged as a significant business driver in recent years and will continue to influence how businesses create products and services. As a result, engineers will be increasingly obliged to focus their efforts on that domain in 2021 and beyond.

#12 Increased Utilisation of CI and CD

The software development process includes continuous integration (CI) and continuous delivery (CD), with CI ensuring that code modifications from multiple engineers are merged into a software project. CD promotes configuration and feature changes and bug patches in a timely and sustainable manner. Both approaches allow development firms to complete projects faster, saving money and enhancing efficiency, both of which are critical in 2021.

The Year 2022 Will Be a Milestone Moment in Software Development

The following year will witness many inventions and new ways to employ technology to achieve extraordinary results with all of these changes. This will be especially true when more businesses achieve digital acceleration and begin to think differently about using technology to satisfy financial, societal, and customer care objectives.

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