If you are a beginner at software development, the most challenging part of learning programming is figuring out where to start. Hundreds of programming languages are in use widely, each with its own set of complexities and differences.
The great news is that you will start figuring out which programming language is best for you, your interests, and your career goals as soon as you start working as a software developer.
The list below includes the best and most in-demand programming languages for many of the most popular use cases, such as web development, mobile development, game development, and more.
Web development languages: an overview
Some people are told to start with HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) and CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) when learning web creation, but they confuse these with programming languages.
HTML and CSS are markup languages for creating electronic documents (or pages) and designing websites. On the other hand, Web Programming languages are more complex and can be divided into two groups: Web development languages for the back-end and front-end.
Usually, server-side (back-end) coding, client-side (front-end) coding and database technologies are used in web development.
As a result, web development languages can be described as “complex logical instructions and processes” that aid in creating sites that meet specific requirements (Wikipedia).
So, what are the most widely used web development languages on the planet? What is the difference between them? Let’s review them in detail in the following section.
Top 6 web development languages in 2021
The acronym for Hypertext Preprocessor (PHP) stands for Hypertext Preprocessor. It’s primarily used on the server-side of basic, dynamic websites and web apps, such as Drupal, WordPress, Flickr, and Facebook. Many free and open-source extensions, such as.NET, Apache, or Bzip2, have been provided by PHP web development and access to databases such as MySQL, Microsoft SQL Server, and others.
Since some PHP functions are close to those in the C programming language, PHP developers can extend PHP’s functionality by writing C plug-ins (also known as add-ons or extensions). Furthermore, PHP maintains the first version’s simple Perl-like variables and can be easily inserted into HTML. So PHP is somewhat effortless for beginners to learn.
According to Hired’s 2021 report, PHP is one of the “least loved coding languages” because it is difficult to programme in. Indeed, in comparison to other programming languages, PHP seems to be a little out-of-date, even though newer versions were released to address issues.
Other drawbacks include PHP’s lack of structured error-handling functions and its slow typing. As a result, the types of objects will unexpectedly change, resulting in unexpected results. As a result, debugging any coding flaws becomes more difficult.
Python is a powerful language that is still user-friendly for beginners due to its easy syntax and support for a wide range of libraries and tools. It can also be used as a scripting or object-oriented language, and it features a sound typing mechanism that speeds up debugging.
It’s also one of the best back-end web development languages in the world. And Python web development projects like Spotify and Instagram use the Django platform, written in Python.
Even though Python is faster than PHP, it is still slower than C/C++ and Java. As a result, the language is unsuitable for real-time, web, or memory-intensive applications.
C# stands out from other web programming languages because it was created specifically for Microsoft’s .NET platform. As a result, being interested in C# web development limits developers to that platform. As a result, it only has libraries and types to add features to the.NET framework.
Despite this, the language continues to gain prominence in the programming of several web apps and web APIs and the development of video games for PC and Xbox.
C#, or C sharp, is a multi-purpose and object-oriented programming language. Because CLR (Common Language Runtime – a virtual machine to run any.NET programme) has strong typing and is platform-independent, similar to Java. Semicolons to end a statement and Curly brackets to group statements based on functions or classes are similarities between C# and C++ or Java syntax that software engineers will notice.
C++ and other web programming languages were used to create several well-known websites, including Google, Twitter, and Amazon. C++ has a strong support group and many libraries to provide additional features as one of the oldest programming languages in the world. C++ is still common today due to its ease of learning and concise language of only 60 keywords.
It was designed as an extension of C, so it inherited many of the language’s features, such as hardware compatibility, but it also had a rather clumsy syntax.
Ruby is yet another common scripting language for web development. It is particularly well-known for serving as the foundation for the popular Ruby on Rails web application framework.
Ruby has a reputation for having one of the friendliest and most supportive user communities, attracting beginners. The Ruby group also has an unofficial motto: “Matz is nice, so we are nice,” encouraging members to emulate Ruby’s chief inventor Yukihiro Matsumoto’s kind and considerate actions.
Ruby is an excellent language to learn because of its affiliation with great tech companies, in addition to its active community and simple syntax. Twitter, Airbnb, Bloomberg, Shopify, and many other startups have all used Ruby on Rails to develop their websites.
It’s indeed time to code.
When choosing which programming language to master, it is essential not to get swept up in flashy trends or popularity contests. The top programming languages to master in 2021 are likely to be the same as they were in 2017 and 2018, and this trend is expected to persist in the coming years.
Although the world of computer programming is rapidly changing, the languages we have addressed so far have a lot of staying power. If you learn one or more of these languages this year and in the future, you will be in a great position.
Last but not least, when it comes to deciding which programming language to learn, remember that only you can answer the question. Choose a career journey and a definite path based on your interests and the type of software development you want to undertake.